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Parenting or child rearing is the process of promoting and supporting the physicalemotionalsocialand intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting refers to the intricacies of raising a child and not exclusively for a biological relationship.
The most common caretaker in parenting is the father or mother, or both, biological parent s of the child in question, although a surrogate may be an older sibling, a step-parent, a grandparent, a legal guardianaunt, uncle or other family member, or a family friend. In many cases, orphaned or abandoned children receive parental care from non-parent or non-blood relations.
Others may be adoptedraised in foster careor placed in an orphanage. Parenting skills vary, and a parent or surrogate with good parenting skills may be referred to as a good parent.
Social classwealthculture and income have a very strong impact on what methods of child rearing parents use. However, parenting is always evolving; as times, cultural practices, social norms, and traditions change . In psychology, the parental investment theory suggests that basic differences between males and females in parental investment have great adaptive significance and lead to gender differences in mating propensities and preferences.
A family's social class plays a large role in the opportunities and resources that will be available to a child. Working-class children often grow up Impottant a disadvantage with the schooling, communities, and level of parental attention available compared to those from the middle-class or upper-class. A parenting style is indicative of the overall emotional climate in the home. On the one hand, these four styles involve combinations of acceptance and responsiveness, and in turn, involve demand and control.
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Importany particular, authoritative parenting is positively related to mental health and satisfaction with life, and authoritarian parenting is negatively related click these variables. A parenting practice is a specific behavior that a parent uses in raising a child. In cultures with strong oral traditions, such as Indigenous American communities, storytelling is an important parenting practice for children. Parenting practices reflect the cultural understanding of children. Parents in more communal cultures, such as West African cultures, spend more time talking to Important Factors Necessary For Successful Counseling baby about other people, and more time with the baby facing outwards, so that the baby sees what the mother Necessayr.
Parenting skills assist parents in leading children into healthy adulthood, influencing their development, and maintaining their negative and positive behaviors. The cognitive potential, social skills, and behavioral functioning a child acquires during the early years are fundamentally dependent on the quality of their interactions with their parents.]